The modern medical industry covers many different aspects of health, and today’s American women may take an interest in hormone replacement therapy, or HRT, when they are older. Or, if some women suffer from fertility issues, they may visit a fertility clinic, where doctors may help them diagnose the problem. The arena of womens health covers half the world’s population, so naturally, infertility solutions, local gynecologists, and HRT clinics may be easy to find. If today’s American women are looking for a method for anti aging therapy, HRT may capture their attention. What does it entail? And what can be done about infertility?
What to Know About HRT and Menopause
Men and women have a number of hormones in their bodies that dictate their physical bodies, their mental affinities and capabilities, and more. This ranges from early childhood to old age, and men and women alike may experience a number of changes across the decades. For women in particular, they may face menopause when they reach middle age or so. What should e clarified is that “menopause” itself is in fact only a 24 hour change that a woman will experience, with all her life after that constituting the post menopausal phase. In the years leading up to menopause, a woman may experience a phase known as perimenopause.
It may also be noted that even as human life expectancy rates have risen in the last few centuries, the typical ages for menopause are largely the same as ever. Every woman is different, but the mean age of menopause today is close to 51. In rare cases, women may experience it as young as their 30s or as late as their 60s, but most often, a woman may expect menopause somewhere between the ages of 40 and 58. Once a woman starts perimenopause, menopause may be about four years away, and her hormones are rapidly changing, including a decrease in estrogen levels. Nine in ten women will experience perimenopause, and later, they will live in the post menopause phase.
In general, women do not enjoy any aspects of menopause, as the perimenopause phase includes irregularities in their menstrual cycles, and menopause may include hot flashes, trouble with sleep, mood swings, infertility, and more. To counteract all this, and to reverse a general low level of estrogen, women may turn to HRT.
HRT is nearly always safe, and a woman in perimenopause or early in the post menopause phase may consult her doctor to get a referral to an HRT clinic nearby. There, she may agree to undergo this therapy, which involves injecting estrogen directly into her system to increase its levels. Doing this may minimize or even eliminate the many undesirable aspects of menopause, both mental and physical. Women who do this are urged to regularly visit an exam clinic, however, to have mammography work done or even breast biopsies, if need be. Why? They are at an increased risk for breast cancer, as estrogen is a major factor in breast cancer development. Fortunately, these regular checkups may help any woman stay on top of breast cancer development risks.
What about fertility issues? A woman in a man-woman couple may run into unexpected trouble conceiving a child, and many causes may be potentially behind it. Studies show that women who smoke a lot of tobacco, drink a lot, or use hard drugs suffer lower fertility rates, and the same is true of women who live in a lot of stress (such as in financial hardship). Physically, the issue may be the ovaries’ failure to release an oocyte (“egg cell”), or if a fertilized zygote implants itself on the fallopian tube wall instead of the uterine lining to form a proper placenta. In other cases, her male partner’s physical health might be the issue, such as a low sperm count or radiation damage to the testicles.
A woman and her male partner may visit fertility clinic to undergo any number of tests, and the solution may range from medication to HRT to surgery, or simply a lifestyle change. Women may have their ovaries or fallopian tubes operated on, or making use of in vitro fertilization or even having a surrogate mother carry the fetus if the actual mother cannot for some reason.